In 1999, the United Kingdom formally requested participation in certain provisions of the Schengen acquis – Title III on police security and judicial cooperation – and in 1999 this request was approved by the Council of the European Union on 29 May 2000.  The UK`s formal participation in previously approved areas of cooperation was implemented by a 2004 Council Decision, which entered into force on 1 January 2005.  Although the UK was not part of the passport-free Schengen area, it nevertheless used the Schengen Information System, a government database used by European countries to store and disseminate information about individuals and goods. This has allowed the UK to exchange information with countries that are part of the Schengen Agreement, often to agree on legal proceedings.  In 2020, the United Kingdom stated that it would withdraw from these agreements at the end of its transition period. After Brexit, the United Kingdom (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland) will no longer be part of the EU. Nor is it part of the Schengen area. However, Canada, as a member of the Commonwealth, means that Canadians can get up to 180 days with a tourist visa. From 2015[update], Andorra, Monaco and San Marino negotiated an association agreement with the EU. Andorra`s ambassador to Spain, Jaume Gaytán, said he hoped the agreement would contain provisions to make the Schengen agreement associate member states.  Through bilateral visa waiver agreements, Canadian citizens can stay in some European countries beyond the Schengen border for 90 days. However, certain third-country nationals are allowed to stay in the Schengen area for more than 90 days without having to apply for an extended residence visa.
For example, France does not require citizens of Andorra, Monaco, San Marino and Vatican City to apply for a visa for an extended stay.  In addition, Article 20(2) of the Agreement implementing the Schengen Agreement provides that this remains applicable „in exceptional circumstances“ and bilateral agreements concluded by certain signatory States with other countries before the entry into force of the Convention. As a result, for example, New Zealand nationals can stay up to 90 days in each of the Schengen countries (Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Iceland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland) that had already concluded bilateral visa waiver agreements with the New Zealand government before the entry into force of the agreement, without the New Zealand government having if an extended stay visa needs to be applied for. However, for travel to other Schengen countries, the 90 days apply over a period of 180 days.            [Excessive citations] There are special lanes for the EU at many external borders, EEA and Swiss citizens (and their family members) and other routes for all travellers, regardless of nationality.  At some border crossing points, there is a third type of lane for Annex II national travellers (i.e. .